The debate on the future of logistics already initiated in the last few weeks by Green Logistics Expo is enhanced by the contribution from Zeno D’Agostino, President of Assoporti and President of the Eastern Adriatic Sea Port System Authority. The starting point for his considerations is e-commerce, a theme only apparently far-removed from that of ports. “There is no doubt that electronic commerce is an important phenomenon which is changing the entire structure of the system as a whole. However, the most significant change is that this type of revolution is not being implemented by the traditional actors. Instead we are witnessing a concentration which is leading to the creation of important organisations and oligopolies among the managers of e-commerce platforms. That shipping companies could be replaced seemed unthinkable as they managed seaborne container traffic and investments of millions at global level. Here, on the other hand, we are talking of enterprises with an income amounting to tens of billions of dollars a year and easily able to organise their own fleet without a problem. A reorganisation of these powers is underway and generally speaking there is little to be done. The consolidation process is irreversible and will lead to logistics at global level being controlled by ever fewer subjects.” D’Agostino wonders how the offer must change to face up to this revolution in demand: “When these enterprises ask for a service, offering them quantity alone is unthinkable. We must also offer them quality. Put simply, talking of ports, this means that hard standing to unload containers is not enough. And every link in the chain must reason in the same way. This is something Italy can do well, networking the ports and interports already present almost everywhere. But (and this is fundamental) we need a single interlocutor, because there is a single interlocutor on the other side.” But who should take over direction of this network of infrastructure and services? According to D’Agostino, only the public sector could offer the market credible answers. And Green Logistics Expo represents an opportunity for a profitable exchange of views between the public and private sectors: “There is a need for an appointment of this sort”, says the President of Assoporti. “An Expo must have a plurality of actors, but the public sector clearly plays a fundamental role. Because while the private sector is the right interlocutor when dialoguing at certain dimensions, when the interlocutors are global giants, then it is obviously the public sector which must act as an interface between all the parties operating on the ground. Today, to allow me to approach giants of this size, that dimension can only come from an interlocutor with governance of a system and this can only be the public sector.”