Green Logistics Expo will be turning the spotlight on the theme of alternative fuels, considering not only road mobility, but also all segments of freight handling.

The Freight Leaders Council, the association that has brought together leading companies in the logistics chain since 1991 and has already guaranteed its sponsorship of the 2020 edition of Green Logistics Expo, is equally sensitive to the theme and has already carried out a study on LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas), one of the most promising alternative fuels available today. Published in Quaderno 28 of the Association, the research was carried out in collaboration with Mirumir-ConferenzaGNL, with the help of experts and associations including Assogasliquidi-Federchimica, WEC, REF-E, Conftrasporto, Anita, Assocostieri, Assarmatori and NGV.

“For logistics, LNG represents a real and immediately useable solution”, explained Massimo Marciani, President of the Freight Leaders Council . “Together with economic and social themes, environmental sustainability is central to the work of our association and we have therefore set ourselves the goal of presenting operational solutions to public sector decision makers immediately, so they can place operators in a position to make informed investments”. The 2,000 LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) fuelled trucks circulating in Italy today demonstrate that operators are already using technologies able to reduce the environmental impact of their fleets, but identifying and backing efficient ways to reduce emissions in the transport sector is an opportunity governments and institutions cannot afford to lose. In the short term, transporters and truck drivers are the most interested in LNG, but its use will soon be extended to maritime, rail and other forms of transport.

The spread of LNG has been very rapid in recent years, particularly for heavy road transport. One sign of interest is the very rapid growth of the network of refuelling stations, together with the expressions of interest in developing new infrastructure in port areas at the service of the first ships sailing on our seas. Transforming gas into liquid form means subjecting the methane to a temperature of -161°C, reducing the volume by more than 600 times (to atmospheric pressure), with great advantages in terms of the space occupied and transportability. Its application to means of transportation enables the percentage of CO2 to be reduced by 15% with respect to traditional fuels, nitrogen oxides to be halved and particulate and sulphur oxides to be eliminated. An advantage in maritime transport, as in certain navigable areas, international regulations impose limits on the level of sulphur in the fuels and these will become stricter from 2020 onwards. The economic sustainability of LNG is also encouraging for operators, given that in Italy, liquefied gas costs 43% less than diesel (2017), net of the tax reimbursement envisaged.

The Quaderno offers a complete review of the use of liquefied gas as a fuel in road, maritime and rail transport, together with a snapshot of the legislative context and infrastructure development. A chapter is dedicated to the most appropriate support measures to accelerate development. During the three days of Green Logistics Expo in March 2020, sector operators and experts will draw up a preliminary balance of the Italian government’s energy policies and also analyse the situation in terms of the opportunity this alternative fuel offers to companies, on both the environmental sustainability and economic fronts.